Taiwan is a small but strategic island near the southeastern coast of China. Its people are mostly ethnic Chinese whose ancestors migrated at various times over the last 300 years.
The Taiwan of today is a wealthy, technologically advanced urban society. Most people live in one of Taiwan’s overcrowded cities. There is a small church established among Taiwan’s middle class which is increasingly affluent and cosmopolitan.
However, most of Taiwan’s people can be considered working class. They are laborers, drivers, shop-workers, farmers, hairdressers, and small-business owners. Although they may not be outwardly poor, they tend to be less educated and are often plagued by family and social problems. Taiwan has one of the highest divorce rates in Asia.
Those in the working class generally speak Taiwanese, in contrast to those with higher social status, who often favor Mandarin. The working class people are traditional in their approach to life, and most are entrenched in Chinese folk religions—a blend of Daoism, Buddhism and Confucian thinking.