James Hudson Taylor was born on May 21, 1832 into a family that prayed together and spoke often of other countries that had not heard the word of God. Yet when he was 17, he chose not to follow the God his family knew.
The China Inland Mission (CIM) was established by James Hudson Taylor on June 25, 1865. Eager to reach the inland provinces of China with the gospel, the mission prayed hard and sent out waves of workers to China throughout the late nineteenth century.
Early attempts to evangelize China, such as those by Nestorian Christians in A.D. 635, were met with persecution. By 1670, there were 100,000 Christians in China with only 20 foreign missionaries at work. By 1839 the Opium Wars had broken out and Christian persecution rose sharply. Around this time the Chinese Evangelization Society (CES) sent Hudson Taylor to China.