Daniel McLaughlin and Elisabeth Wickeri, Special Report: Mental Health and Human Rights in Cambodia (New York: Leitner Center for International Law and Justice, 2012), 12, http://www.leitnercenter.org/files/2012%20Leitner%20Cambodia%20Report%20(with%20photos).pdf (accessed 9 October 2017).
 Oxford Dictionaries 2015, s.v. “Suffering,” https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/suffering (accessed 9 October 2017).
 The Concise Dictionary of Christian Theology, Revised ed., Millard J. Erickson, ed. (Wheaton: Crossway, 2001), s.v. “Suffering.”
 Kaizen is the famous core value of Toyota. The infamous Toyota Production System (TPS) is a corporative decision-making process which is essential for the success of kaizen.
 C. L. Tieszen, “Redefining Persecution,” in Sorrow & Blood: Christian Mission in Contexts of Suffering, Persecution, and Martyrdom, William D. Taylor, Antonia van der Meer, and Reg Reimer, eds. (Pasadena: William Carey, 2012), 43.
 Tieszen, “Redefining Persecution,” 43. On the one hand, extensive hostile actions could include beating, torture, isolation, or imprisonment. On the other hand, mildly hostile actions would include ridicule, restriction, certain kinds of harassment, or discrimination.
 Timothy Keller surveys these three areas in chapter 2 of Walking with God through Pain and Suffering (New York: Penguin Random House, 2013), 35–63.
 The author contributed to the content of this module.
 Keller, Walking with God, 5–6.
 Joni Eareckson Tada, “Theology of Suffering,” recorded 11 February 2009 in Dallas Theological Seminary chapel, http://www.dts.edu/media/play/theology-of-suffering-joni-eareckson-tada/ (accessed 12 October 2017).
 Dan McCartney, Why Does it Have to Hurt?: The Meaning of Christian Suffering (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R, 1998), 60. Quoted in Keller, Walking with God, 152.
 John Piper and Justin Taylor, Suffering and the Sovereignty of God (Wheaton: Crossway, 2006), 87–89.
 The Concise Dictionary of Christian Theology, s.v. “Theodicy.”
 Westminster Dictionary of Theological Terms, ed. Donald K. McKim (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1996), s.v. “Theodicy.”
 J. Paul Ellison, A Short History of the Cambodian Evangelical Church known in Cambodia as the Khmer Evangelical Church with Particular Attention Being Given to People Movements and Some Factors Related to Church Growth. Paper presented at Cambodian Christian Services Conference, San Jose, California, 1991.
 “Cambodia Profile,” OMF International, https://omf.org/cambodia/cambodia-profile/ (accessed 20 January 2016).
 OMF International, Pray for Cambodia (Littleton, CO: OMF International, 2012), 12.
 The Minister of Commerce announced that General National Income (GNI) for 2015 would be estimated as US$1096. The definition of Low Income Country according to World Bank is one with GNI in the range of US$1046–1985.
 Some sources say that there were 200 Christians. For instance, Veritas College International. http://www.veritascollege.org/countries/cambodia/cambodia-religions (accessed on 12 October 2017).
 Interserve New Zealand, “The Cambodian Church,” Go Magazine (Second issue 2012): 18–19, http://www.interserve.org.nz/RESOURCES/PUBLICATIONS/GO+MAGAZINE/The+Cambodian+Church.html (accessed 12 October 2017).
 This number of churches is from Keith Carey, ed., Global Prayer Digest (Pasadena: U.S. Center for World Mission, 2011): 9. Others cite different numbers of churches. Some say there are 750 churches (e.g. OMF International), others mention 5,000 to 7,000 congregations (e.g. Interserve), or 1,224 Protestant churches (e.g. the 2010 International Religious Freedom Report published by U.S. Department of State, http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2010/148861.htm (accessed on 28 March 2016). Steve Hyde, in his 2012 report, suggests that the different numbers of churches given would be caused by “different definitions of what a church is or incomplete research”. A nation-wide statistics research by MK2021 is now ongoing. The number of 2,920 churches is registered as of 25 August 2017.
 John Tully, A Short History of Cambodia: From Empire to Survival (Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm, 2006), 119–121; Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. “Khmer Issarak,” http://www.britannica.com/event/Khmer-Issarak (accessed 25 December 2015).
 Don Cormack, Killing Fields Living Fields (Crowborough, UK: MARC 1997), 75–79.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 130–133.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 133.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 169–171.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 326.
 Ajith Fernando, The Call to Joy and Pain: Embracing Suffering in Your Ministry (Wheaton: Crossway, 2007), 178.
 M. Hennink, I. Hutter, and A. Bailey, Qualitative Research Methods (London: SAGE, 2011), 8–9.
 Natasha Mack, Cynthia Woodsong, Kathleen M. MacQueen, Greg Guest, and Emily Namey, Qualitative Research Methods: A Data Collector’s Field Guide (Durham, NC: Family Health International, 2005), 1–2, https://www.fhi360.org/sites/default/files/media/documents/Qualitative%20Research%20Methods %20-%20A%20Data%20Collector%27s%20Field%20Guide.pdf (accessed 12 October 2017).
 In this method, the relationship between interviewer and interviewee is affected by the way the interviewee is interpreted.
 His story was published in a different form in Yuzo Imamura, “#Iwitness: Joyful in the Midst of Sufferings: A Life Devoted to Christ in Cambodia,” EMQ (January 2016). https://emqonline.com/node/3454 (accessed 9 October 2017).
 Tertullian, 50.13, quoted in An Expository Commentary. Vol. 3 God and History, Romans 9–11, James Montgomery Boice (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991), 1323.
 Jason Mandryk, Operation World, 7th ed. (Downers Grove: IVP, 2010), 216.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 371.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 135–136.
 Evangelical Fellowship of Cambodia, “Mission Kampuchea 2021,” unpublished Occasional Report (Cambodia, 2012).
 Evangelical Fellowship of Cambodia, “Mission Kampuchea 2021,” unpublished Occasional Report (Cambodia, 2012). Updated statistics from 2011 onwards are not available yet.
 Todd Johnson and Kenneth Ross, eds., Atlas of Global Christianity (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University, 2009), 148.
 Johnson and Ross, Atlas of Global Christianity, 147, 149.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 317.
 Cormack, Killing Fields, 137.
 It is interesting to look at the number of missionaries per capita in Cambodia. For East Asia as a whole (excluding China, North Korea, Laos, and Vietnam due to lack of information), the average is twenty-five missionaries per one-million people. But Cambodia has thirty missionaries per million people. Yuzo Imamura, “Approach to the Buddhist and Animist in Cambodia,” Unpublished paper presented at OMF Cambodia Training Session, Cambodia, 2007.
 Personal Communication with Rev. Sho Sugaya (OMF worker) in 2003.
 Evangelical Fellowship of Cambodia.
 Rev. Heng Cheng (the then General Secretary of the Evangelical Fellowship of Cambodia), Personal communication with author at the Annual Congress of the Evangelical Fellowship of Cambodia, 24 February 2011.
 World Bank, “Gross Domestic Product,” https://www.google.com/publicdata/explore?ds=d5bncppjof8f9_&met_y=ny_gdp_mktp_cd&idim=country:KHM:LAO:BRN&hl=en&dl=en#!ctype=l&strail=false&bcs=d&nselm=h&met_y=ny_gdp_mktp_cd&scale_y=lin&ind_y=false&rdim=region&idim=country:KHM&ifdim=region&hl=en_US&dl=en&ind=false (accessed 27 October 2017).
 Lausanne Movement, The Cape Town Commitment, Part 2, Section IIE, 5, https://www.lausanne.org/content/ctc/ctcommitment#p2-2 (accessed 9 October 2017).
 The full text of this Statement can be found at https://www.lausanne.org/content/a-statement-on-the-prosperity-gospel (accessed 9 October 2017).
 “Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Suggestions for future” [in Japanese.], Disaster Relief Christian Network, http://drcnet.jp/lessons_from_311_disaster_and_guidelines_for_future/ (accessed 9 October 2017).
 John Stott, The Cross of Christ (Downers Grove: IVP, 1986), 322.
 Scott W. Sunquist, Understanding Christian Mission: Participation in Suffering and Glory (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2013), xii.
 InterVarsity ISM, “Dec 30 Interview with Patrick and Jennie Fung,” Urbana 15, (15 Jan 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ATintqZnAhQ (accessed 9 October 2017).