Meet some of the people groups who live along China’s Silk Road

You may know that China is Atheist, Buddhist and Christian.
But did you know that 10 different Muslim people groups also call China their home?
We long to see China's Silk Road people blessed by the abundant love of God.

Han man and son


China’s majority ethnic group, and the world’s largest ethnic group. They comprise around 92% of the population of China.

Population: 1.2 billion

Language: Mandarin Chinese

Young couple in a park, China's Silk Road


A diverse people group, skilled in trade. They live scattered all across China.

Population: 10.6 million

Language: Mandarin Chinese

Young Uyghur boys on the Silk Road

Uyghur (Uigur)

An ethnically Turkic people who take great pride in their traditional lifestyle, music & dance.

Population: 10.1 million

Language: Uyghur, related to Turkish


Kazak (Kazakh)

Originally nomadic herders, influenced by shamanism. Even today, they identify themselves according to their horde (tribe).

Population: 1.5 million

Language: Kazak, a Turkic language


Dongxiang (Sarta)

A mixed group of Mongolians, Han and Tibetans who intermarried after converting to Islam around 800 years ago.

Population: 622,000

Language: Dongxiang, related to Mongolian

Kyrgyz men

Kyrgyz (Kirgiz)

Semi-nomadic herders who settled in the mountains of northwest China. They affirm their heritage through the long traditional poem, “The Epic of Manas”.

Population: 187,000

Language: Kyrgyz, a Turkic language



The Salar are 14th century migrants from Central Asia who have retained the language and some of the traditions of their previous home.

Population: 131,000

Language: Salar, related to Turkmen

Each person is an exquisite detail in this living tapestry of cultures

along the Silk Road, carpet factory merchant


Although they call themselves Tajik, they are an extension of the Shi’a Muslim Pamiris found in eastern Tajikistan. They find inspiration in the strength and beauty of eagles.

Population: 51,000

Languages: Sarikoli and Wakhi


Bonan (Bao’an)

Ethnically Mongolian Muslims who live in Gansu province. They are famous for their hand-made knives.

Population: 20,000

Language: Bonan, related to Mongolian

Uzbek man selling snacks


Silk road traders who settled in China around 500 years ago. Traditionally they wear long embroidered robes and leather boots.

Population: 10,500

Language: Uzbek

along the Silk Road, boys herding sheep down tree-lined road


A group of mixed Russian and Mongolian ancestry. They enjoy sports competitions at their “Plough Head Festival” each spring.

Population: 3,500

Language: Tatar, a Turkic language

Stories from the Silk Road

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